Posts Tagged ‘bmi’

Bariatric Surgery: choose the right procedure to reduce morbid obesity

Bariatric surgery may be an effective treatment for patients suffering from morbid obesity, but the decision to undergo surgery as the corrective method should not be taken lightly.

For those who decide to pursue the surgical option the Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RGB), the adjustable gastric band, and the sleeve gastrectomy procedures are the most common bariatric surgery procedures conducted in the US today.

The right option varies on a patient to patient basis.

People with a Body Mass Index over 40 are considered morbidly obesity, and at this point the health risks associated with maintaining this condition outweigh any risks associated with the bariatric procedure.

For those suffering from co-morbidities such as hypertension, glucose intolerance (Type II diabetes), and sleep apnea Bariatric Surgery is an indicated treatment at BMI of 35 and above because of the dual benefits of weight loss and secondary disease control.

During the procedure a small sack is created from the upper section of the stomach and connected directly to the distal portion of the small intestine.

This process change to the digestive tract anatomy diverts food from the upper section of the small intestine, where much of the absorptive process takes place.

The combined effect of the decreased stomach size, coupled with decreased absorption usually results in rapid and substantial weight loss.

Weight loss achieved with the band process is more gradual but sustained, and for the procedure to be highly effective the patient must be dedicated to maintaining the post procedural regimens.

This alteration is permanent, but this may be desirable for type II diabetes treatment or other considerations.

There are also unique dietary considerations that patients who under go the Roux-en-Y procedure may have to adhere to such as avoiding certain types of food and taking dietary supplements to compensate for the decreased absorptive capabilities.

For those seriously considering surgery as a treatment for morbid obesity, the first step in making the right decision is contacting a knowledgeable physician to discuss their options and to determine if bariatric surgery is right for them.

Obesity in America – The Growing Epidemic!

Obesity is a disease that affects approximately 60 million people in the United States, where women are especially affected.

Over one-third of women between the ages of 20 and 74 are obese, the majority of them being African American or Mexican American.

With more and more pre-packaged food and less and less activity, the number of obese people in America has steadily increased since the 1960′s.

An overweight person has a surplus amount of weight that includes muscle, bone, fat, and water.

Most health professionals concur that a man is obese if he has over 25 percent body fat, and a woman is obese if she has over 30 percent.

The most commonly used method to determine if a person is obese is to look at his/her Body Mass Index (BMI).

With obesity, comes the increased risk of diseases such as high blood pressure, Type II Diabetes, heart disease, and breast, colon, and prostate cancer.

In addition, obesity has been linked to mental health conditions such as depression or feelings of shame and low self-esteem.

Health experts say that even losing 10 to 15 percent of your body weight can dramatically decrease the risk of developing these serious conditions.

In addition, many obese people are discriminated against and targets of insults and other verbal abuse.

A number of factors, such as poor diet, lack of physical activity, genetics, and certain medical disorders, cause obesity, but it can be conquered.