Posts Tagged ‘sleep apnea’

Bariatric Surgery: choose the right procedure to reduce morbid obesity

Bariatric surgery may be an effective treatment for patients suffering from morbid obesity, but the decision to undergo surgery as the corrective method should not be taken lightly.

For those who decide to pursue the surgical option the Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RGB), the adjustable gastric band, and the sleeve gastrectomy procedures are the most common bariatric surgery procedures conducted in the US today.

The right option varies on a patient to patient basis.

People with a Body Mass Index over 40 are considered morbidly obesity, and at this point the health risks associated with maintaining this condition outweigh any risks associated with the bariatric procedure.

For those suffering from co-morbidities such as hypertension, glucose intolerance (Type II diabetes), and sleep apnea Bariatric Surgery is an indicated treatment at BMI of 35 and above because of the dual benefits of weight loss and secondary disease control.

During the procedure a small sack is created from the upper section of the stomach and connected directly to the distal portion of the small intestine.

This process change to the digestive tract anatomy diverts food from the upper section of the small intestine, where much of the absorptive process takes place.

The combined effect of the decreased stomach size, coupled with decreased absorption usually results in rapid and substantial weight loss.

Weight loss achieved with the band process is more gradual but sustained, and for the procedure to be highly effective the patient must be dedicated to maintaining the post procedural regimens.

This alteration is permanent, but this may be desirable for type II diabetes treatment or other considerations.

There are also unique dietary considerations that patients who under go the Roux-en-Y procedure may have to adhere to such as avoiding certain types of food and taking dietary supplements to compensate for the decreased absorptive capabilities.

For those seriously considering surgery as a treatment for morbid obesity, the first step in making the right decision is contacting a knowledgeable physician to discuss their options and to determine if bariatric surgery is right for them.

Obesity In The United States

If you are overweight, this is extremely dangerous for your health.

Obesity is caused by an energy imbalance which results from consuming too many calories and not getting enough exercise.

Behavior and the environment are the biggest causes of people being overweight today.

Being overweight increases your risk for many health conditions and diseases, including heart disease, diabetes, hypertension, dyslipidemia, stroke, osteoarthritis, gallbladder disease, sleep apnea, respiratory problems and even some cancers.

There are several ways that doctors use to decide if a patient is obese.

The BMI takes into account a patient’s weight and height and comes up with their body mass.

For most people, this is an accurate way to get the amount of body fat in your body.

Other ways to estimate body fat include measuring skin fold thickness, waist circumference, ultrasounds, waist to hip circumference ratios, MRI and computed tomography.

In 1991, only four states had obesity rates of 15 to 19% and no states had obesity rates above 20%.

There are many reasons why obesity is so prevalent today which include behavioral reasons, environmental reasons and genetic reasons.

In the past 20 years, the environment and people’s behavior has drastically changed, causing this jump in obesity.

Fast food restaurants, soft drinks and pre-packaged foods are much more readily available than they were 20 years ago.

Everyone is taking larger portions and eating more snacks.

There are so many unhealthy snacks being sold and everyone buys them.

This is very unhealthy because people are consuming so many calories and not burning them off.

Something everyone can do to prevent becoming obese or to lose weight if you are already obese is physical activities.

Physical activity is good for your health; it not only controls your weight, buy it also decreases the risk of diabetes, high blood pressure and colon cancer.

Elevators, dishwashers, computers and televisions also are causes for our inactivity.

If you do not get to a normal weight, it is an enormous health risk for you.